Recently International Judicial Conference 2020 was held from 21st-23rd February, 2020 in New Delhi. The theme of the Conference was ‘Judiciary and the Changing World’ and it was organised by Supreme Court of India. The aim of the International Judicial Conference is to facilitate cross-fertilisation of ideas between judges of India and those from abroad.
- The Indian judiciary was appreciated for its balance between development and environment, and continued guidance in it.
- The Government is making an effort to connect every court of the country to the E-court Integrated Mission Mode Project. The establishment of the National Judicial Data Grid will make court procedures easier.
- E-Courts Project was conceptualised on the basis of "National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary - 2005" submitted by e-Committee of the Supreme Court of India (set up in 2004).
- Important Topics of discussion at the Conference included Gender Justice, Contemporary Perspectives on Protection of Constitutional Values, Dynamic Interpretations of the Constitution in a Changing World, Harmonisation of Environment Protection vis-à-vis Sustainable Development and Protection of Right to Privacy in the Internet Age.
- The Supreme Court was hailed for the “extraordinary effort” to make its judgments more accessible to the common man by making them available in nine vernacular languages, keeping in mind the nation’s linguistic diversity.
- The recent directives for granting equal status to women in the Army, guidelines for preventing sexual harassment at the workplace, etc. were appreciated.
- The Chief Justice of India said that the Supreme Court’s judgments are cited by courts of other countries and have served as a “beacon of hope” to independent and developing nations.
- The need for technology was highlighted to deliver speedy justice.
Supreme Court of India
- The Supreme Court of India is the highest judicial court under the Constitution of India, the highest constitutional court, with the power of judicial review.
- Consisting of the Chief Justice of India and a maximum of 34 judges, it has extensive powers in the form of original, appellate and advisory jurisdictions
- The Federal Court of India was created as per Government of India Act 1935.
- The Current Chief Justice of India (CJI) is Sharad Arvind Bobde.