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Trump’s Middle East Plan

Fri 31 Jan, 2020

Recently President Donald Trump released his plan for Middle East titled "Peace to Prosperity: A Vision to Improve the Lives of the Palestinian and Israeli People' in Whitehouse. This Peace Plan was authored by a team led by Trump's son-in-law, Senior Advisor to the President of the United States Jared Kushner.

Background

  • The Palestinians have long sought to establish an independent, sovereign state in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip, which were occupied by Israel during the 1967 Six Day War.
  • The Jordan Valley is a fertile strip of land running along the border with Jordan that makes up almost 30% of the West Bank. It is sparsely populated - home to around 65,000 Palestinians and 11,000 Jewish settlers. Palestinians say the valley would form an integral part of the land that they want for a future state.
  • Israeli see the Jordan Valley as a vital security buffer with the Arab world and have held that Israel would maintain some kind of military control there under any peace deal with the Palestinians.
  • The Oslo Accords was a set of two separate agreements signed by the government of Israel and the leadership of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)ratified in Washington in 1993 (Oslo I) and in Taba, Egypt, in 1995 (Oslo II).

Major Highlights

  • The plan envisages undivided Jerusalem as a sovereign capital of the State of Israel.
  • The Palestine can establish its capital in far-flung eastern area beyond “the existing security barrier”, of Jerusalem.
  • If Palestine agrees this plan USA will facilitate more than $50 billion in new investment over 10 years for transformation of West Bank and Gaza. It includes constructing essential infrastructure including “high-speed transportation links” between the West Bank and Gaza, promoting private sector growth, upgrading education, and improving the healthcare sector and the overall quality of Palestinian life.

Israel-Palestine Conflict

  • The Israeli-Palestinian conflict dates back to the end of the nineteenth century, primarily as a conflict over territory.
  • After the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, the Holy Land was divided into three parts: the State of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River), and the Gaza Strip.
  • Successive wars resulted in minor shifts of territory until the Yom Kippur War in October 1973, when Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel because of Israel’s occupation of the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights.