Why in News ?
India’s National Capital Region Transport (NCRTC) and Bombardier Transportation have unveiled the first look of trainsets set to run on the Delhi-Ghaziabad-Meerut Regional Rapid Transit System (RRTS).
What is RRTS?
- RRTS is a new, dedicated, high speed, high capacity, comfortable commuter service connecting regional nodes in NCR.
- RRTS is different from conventional Railway as it will provide reliable, high frequency, point to point regional travel at high speed along dedicated path way.
- RRTS is different from metro as it caters to passengers looking to travel relatively longer distance with fewer stops and at higher speed
RAILWAYS in India
- The first train in India was started in 1853 from Bombay to Thane covering a distance of 34 km.
- It has been divided into 16 zones for better administration and management of work.
- On the basis of width of the track of Indian Railways, three categories have been made:
- Broad gauge: The distance between rails in broad gauge is 1.676 metre (74 %).
- Metre gauge: The distance between rails is one metre ( 21 %)
- Narrow gauge: The distance between the rails in this case is 0.762 metre or 0.610 metre.(4.9 %).
- Konkan Railway: One of the important achievements of Indian Railways has been the construction of Konkan Railway in 1998. It is 760 km long rail route connecting Roha in Maharashtra to Mangalore in Karnataka. It is considered an engineering marvel. It crosses 146 rivers, streams, nearly 2000 bridges and 91 tunnels.
- The headquarters of Indian Railway is in New Delhi.
- The first electric train in India was ‘Deccan Queen’. It was introduced in 1929 between Bombay and Poona.
- Train that runs between India and Pakistan is : Samjhauta Express
- Train running between India and Bangladesh is : Maitree Express
- The longest train route is of ‘Vivek Express’ from DIbrugarh (Assam) to Kanyakumari.
- The first Metro Rail was introduced in Kolkata (W.Bengal) on October 24, 1984. The two stations connected were Dumdum and Belgachhia.
- Northern Railway (NR) is the largest railway zone.