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Election in India

Sat 28 Nov, 2020

Why in News ?

  • Recently, the Prime Minister of India on the occasion of Constitution Day (26th November) raised the pitch for ‘One Nation, One Election’, a single voter list for all polls and also asked the presiding officers to simplify the language of statute books and allow for an easier process to weed out redundant laws.STATIC GK

ELECTION COMMISSION (Art. 324)

  • The Election commission is a constitutional body that is entrusted with the responsibility of conducting free and fair elections in the country. The election commission conducts the election for :-s
  • The President
  • The Vice President
  • The LokSabha
  • The RajyaSabha
  • The State Legislative Assemblies
  • The State Legislative Councils
  • Note: Panchayats and Municipalities elections are conducted by the respective State Election Commissions.

COMPOSITION OF ELECTION COMMISSION

  • Election commission is a multi member body.
  • There is a Chief Election Commissioner and two election commissioners which have equal powers and receives equal salaries.
  • Note: The President decides their strength from time to time
  • On October 16, 1989 for the first time the President appointed 2 election commissioners to cope with increased work of the election commission on account of lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 (61st amendment act).
  • APPOINTMENT: The CEC and other Election Commissioners are appointed by the President of India.
  • QUALIFICATIONS: The qualifications of the members of the election commission are not prescribed in the constitution.
  • TERM OR TENURE: Six years or until the age of 65 whichever is earlier.
  • SALARY: The salary is decided by the Parliament.
  • RESIGNATION: The Chief Election Commissioner submits the resignation letter to the President.
  • REMOVAL OF CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONER: In the same manner like that of a judge of a Supreme Court.
  • REAPPOINTMENT: Eligible for further appointment under Government of India.
  • REMOVAL OF OTHER ELECTION COMMISSIONERS: By the President only on the recommendation of the CEC.

FUNCTIONS OF ELECTION COMMISSION

  • Prepare and revise the voters List
  • Notify the dates and schedules the elections.
  • Scrutinize the nomination papers.
  • Allot the election symbols to the political parties
  • Determine the code of conduct to be observed by the parties during & after election.
  • Advice the President in the matter relating to the disqualification of the members of Parliament and state legislature.
  • Recognize the political parties as National party or Regional (state) party.