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Mon 31 May, 2021
Why in news ?
Recently, cyclone Yaas made landfall south of Balasore in Odisha.
Earlier, another cyclonic storm named ‘Cyclone Tauktae’ had affected the Indian states of Kerala, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka, along with two Union Territories: Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep.
Typically, tropical cyclones in the North Indian Ocean region (Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea) develop during the pre-monsoon (April to June) and post-monsoon (October to December) periods.
Cyclones are created by atmospheric disturbances around a low-pressure area and are usually accompanied by violent storms and severe weather conditions. Basically, a tropical cyclone is a deep low-pressure area.
They are known as:
Cyclones in the Indian Ocean
Hurricanes in the Atlantic
Typhoons in the Western Pacific and the South China Sea