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Republic Day

Wed 27 Jan, 2021

Why in news ?

  • India celebrated its 72nd Republic Day on 26 January to mark the day India became a sovereign republic. While India gained independence from the British in 1947, but it wasn't until 26 January 1950 that the Indian Constitution came into effect and India became a sovereign state, declaring it a republic.
  • 26 January was chosen as the day to announce India becoming a republic in the year 1930 and on the same day

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DRAFTING COMMITTEE:

  • The most important committee was the Drafting Committee.
  • It was set up on 29 Aug, 1947 and Dr. B.R. Ambedkar   (Father of Indian Constitution) was the Chairman of the Drafting committee.
  • The task of the Committee was to receive the reports of various committtees, analyse them and finally integrate  them in a single document called constitution.
  • Finally on 26 Nov, 1949 constitution of India was adopted and came into force on 26 Jan, 1950 and India became a sovereign country.
  • Since then January 26, 1950 is celebrated as the Republic day and recently 26 Nov has been declared as constitution day.
  • Republic Nation means Head of the nation (president in case of India) is elected.
  • In all it took 2 years 11 months and 18 days for the Constitution to get completed.
  • Constituent assembly adopted the  January 24, 1950 was the last session of the constituent assembly.
  • The Constituent Assembly continued as the provisional Parliament of India from January 26, 1950 till the completion of first ever general elections in India. (1951-52)