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UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION

Sun 26 Sep, 2021

Why in news ?

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi  recently addressed the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) in New York, the first time since the coronavirus pandemic broke out in December 2019.

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  • United Nations (UN), international organization established on October 24, 1945.
  • It is currently made up of 193 Member States and two observer States namely Holy See (Vatican City) and Palestine
  • The United Nations (UN) was the second multipurpose international organization after League of Nations which was established in the 20th century that was worldwide in scope and membership.
  • US President Franklin D. Roosevelt coined the term United Nations·         UN Charter came into force 24 Oct 1945 which is observed as UN Day.·         It has its headquarters in Manhattan, New York (USA)
  • The number of official languages of the UNO are SIX viz. 1. Arabic, 2. Chinese, 3. English, 4. French, 5. Russian and 6. Spanish.
  • It has SIX principal organs – 1. General Assembly 2. Security Council 3. Economic and Social Council 4. Secretariat 5. International Court of justice 6. UN Trustership Council. (inactive since 1994)
  • Its activities include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development and upholding international law.