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Intellectual property rights (IPR)

Tue 29 Jun, 2021

 Why in News ?

Recently, the Union Minister for Electronics and Information Technology was locked out of his Twitter account for an hour allegedly over a notice received for violation of the US’ Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) 1998.

It is a law passed in the US and is among the world’s first laws recognising Intellectual Property (IP) on the internet.

Static G .K

  • Every year World Intellectual Property Day is celebrated on 26th April.
  • Intellectual property rights (IPR) are the rights given to persons over the creations of their minds: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names and images used in commerce.
  • The main purpose of intellectual property law is toencourage the creation of a wide variety of intellectual goods &strike the right balance between the interests of innovators & wider public interest.§  These rights are outlined in Article 27 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
  • Indian Laws which Cover Intellectual Property
  • Trade Marks Act, 1999.
  • Patents Act, 1970 (as amended in 2005).
  • Copyright Act, 1957.
  • Designs Act, 2000.
  • Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
  • Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout Design Act, 2000.
  • Protection of Plant Varieties and Farmers' Right Act, 2001.
  • Information Technology Act, 2000.