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Bihar Assembly Elections 2020

Wed 28 Oct, 2020

Why in News ?

  • Voting in the first phase of the Bihar Assembly elections for 71 seats across 16 districts is going to start from 28 october.
  • Bihar is the first State going to the polls amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The Election Commission has issued several guidelines for the voters and those engaged in conducting the polls.
Static G .K

ELECTION COMMISSION  (Art. 324)

  • The Election commission is a constitutional body that is entrusted with the responsibility of conducting free and fair elections in the country

THE ELECTION COMMISSION CONDUCTS THE ELECTION FOR

  • The President
  • The Vice President
  • The LokSabha
  • The Rajya Sabha
  • The State Legislative Assemblies
  • The State Legislative Councils

Note: Panchayats and Municipalities elections are conducted by the respective State Election Commissions.

COMPOSITION OF ELECTION COMMISSION

  • Election commission is a multi member body.
  • There is a Chief Election Commissioner and two election commissioners which have equal powers and receives equal salaries.

Note: The President decides their strength from time to time

  • On October 16, 1989 for the first time the President appointed 2 election commissioners to cope with increased work of the election commission on account of lowering the voting age from 21 to 18 (61st amendment act).
  • APPOINTMENT: The CEC and other Election Commissioners are appointed by the President of India.
  • QUALIFICATIONS: The qualifications of the members of the election commission are not prescribed in the constitution.
  • TERM OR TENURE: Six years or until the age of 65 whichever is earlier.
  • SALARY: The salary is decided by the Parliament.
  • RESIGNATION: The Chief Election Commissioner submits the resignation letter to the President.
  • REMOVAL OF CHIEF ELECTION COMMISSIONER: In the same manner like that of a judge of a Supreme Court.
  • REAPPOINTMENT: Eligible for further appointment under Government of India.
  • REMOVAL OF OTHER ELECTION COMMISSIONERS: By the President only on the recommendation of the CEC.

FUNCTIONS OF ELECTION COMMISSION

  • Prepare and revise the voters List
  • Notify the dates and schedules the elections.
  • Scrutinize the nomination papers.
  • Allot the election symbols to the political parties
  • Determine the code of conduct to be observed by the parties during & after election.
  • Advice the President in the matter relating to the disqualification of the members of Parliament and state legislature.
  • Recognize the political parties as National party or Regional (state) party.

Model Code of Conduct

  • During the campaign period the political parties and the contesting candidates are expected to abide by a model code of conduct evolved by the Election Commission of India on the basis of the consensus among political parties.
  • It comes into force the moment schedule of election is announced by the Election Commission.